by Bob Kenny
As a parent, I have two fundamental
concerns about giving to my adolescent son. First, I worry
about not giving him enough and disappointing him. Second,
I worry about giving him too much and spoiling him or inhibiting
his motivation. I don’t like to see my son disappointed—or
the look on his face when it happens. It is especially hard
when I think I could have prevented it. Of course, I know
he will survive, and I understand that there will be times
in life when he will be disappointed. I just don’t
want to be the one to do it.
I also know that not wanting to disappoint
my son is more about me than it is about him. Still, I want
him to have everything he needs to reach his potential,
so he can make a great contribution to the world. If he
wants one more video game, what harm could that do? And
isn’t everyone getting the $65 jeans from A&F?
Recently, I came across a book entitled, Too
Much of a Good Thing: Raising Children of Character in an
Indulgent Age, by Dr. Dan Kindlon (Miramax, 2003). The book
discusses the results of a research study that Dr. Kindlon
and his colleagues at Harvard University conducted on children
and parents from affluent and wealthy homes. (Most of the
participants were upper middle class; some were wealthy,
and some were very wealthy.) The researchers asked more
than 600 adolescents, and a thousand of their parents, questions
about their lives. They asked if the children were happy,
how they got along with their parents, what kinds of things
they owned, and what was required of them by their parents.
Approximately 60% of the parents surveyed
admitted that their children were spoiled. Even more interesting,
the children agreed. The researchers also found that alcohol
and drug use is common among affluent adolescents, as is
depression and anxiety. Around 60% of the kids had used
tobacco, alcohol, or other illegal drugs during the previous
month. Forty percent of the teenagers from affluent and
wealthy homes reported that they considered themselves to
be seriously depressed, but very few parents thought their
children were depressed.
I found these findings intriguing, so I telephoned
Dr. Kindlon to discuss them. During our conversation, I
realized that the problems found among affluent adolescents
are caused neither by the affluence itself, nor by giving
our children too much. It seems, as Dr. Kindlon suggests,
that the problems of affluent children occur because we
do not give enough. Dr. Kindlon says that we need to give
our children more of three things: more time, more limits,
and more care. TLC. What children want most from adults
is their presence, not their presents. Children like getting
gifts, but being with people who care about them means the
Sometimes I think we give our children too
much of the wrong things and not enough of the right things
because we are using our children’s happiness to make
us happy. As Dr. Kindlon says, “It’s kind of
a children-as-Prozac phenomenon.” This makes us reluctant
to be strict or set limits here and now. After all, we don’t
want to disappoint them. But we have to determine: Do we
want them to be happy right now at this moment or do we
want to give them the tools to have a long and happy life?
The two choices sometimes conflict, and, unfortunately,
the necessity of choosing happens not once, but every day.
We need to make that decision again and again.
I wondered how other parents do it, so I asked
Dr. Kindlon, “Were there any happy kids in your study?
And if so, how were they different from their unhappy peers?”
“We did find some happy kids,”
he answered, “and there were some common factors that
distinguished them: (1) Their families frequently ate dinner
together, (2) They had to keep their room clean, (3) They
weren’t allowed to have a phone in their room, (4)
They regularly did community service. I am not saying that
the factors are causal, but they did seem to stand out as
common factors in happy kids.”
It makes sense. It takes a lot of effort to
coordinate dinner together (to give the time), to see that
the children take care of their room (to give limits and
expectations), and to encourage service to the community
(to give the gift of caring).
When we give to our children in this way,
we are teaching them to give as well, both at home and in
the community. We are in fact creating a pattern of giving
that counters the syndrome of indulgence.
It isn’t easy, it isn’t quick,
and often, there is no immediate apparent result. But we
can’t give up. Research clearly shows that when we
give our children time, limits, and the opportunity to care,
we give them a gift that lasts for years to come.
Bob Kenny, Ed.D, is the executive director
of More Than Money. For more than 20 years he has worked
with individuals, communities, and organizations to identify
and address the gaps between their stated values and the
realities of their lives.